A bill to restore territory rights has passed in the House of Representatives this morning, edging the ACT and Northern Territory closer to being able to set their own laws on voluntary assisted dying.
- The House of Representatives has passed legislation repealing a ban on the territories introducing euthanasia laws
- If passed in the Senate, the bill will give the territories the right to vote on the issue themselves
- The ban has been in place for 25 years and makes the ACT and NT the only Australian jurisdictions to not allow voluntary assisted dying
The private member’s bill was introduced by Labor MPs Alicia Payne and Luke Gosling on Monday and aims to overturn a 25-year-old ban on territories legislating on euthanasia.
This bill does not legalize voluntary assisted dying, but rather gives the territories the right to vote on it.
It will still have to undergo a vote in the Senate, where leading opponents of assisted dying blocked previous attempts to repeal the ban. Two of those opponents – former Liberal senators Eric Abetz and Zed Seselja – no longer hold Senate seats.
If passed, the bill would give the opportunity for the territories to follow every state in Australia and allow voluntary assisted dying, after NSW became the last of the states to pass its legislation on the issue in May.
Advocates have been campaigning for change for decades
Advocates for voluntary assisted dying laws have been campaigning for the territories to be able to set their own laws on the issue for decades.
Between 2006 and 2016, multiple bills were introduced to federal parliament seeking to restore territory rights, but each failed.
Among those in support of the legislation is Darwin resident Judy Dent, whose husband Bob was the first to make use of the NT’s voluntary euthanasia law before it was repealed when the ban on territories legalizing assisted dying was introduced.
Mr Dent died on September 22, 1996, but the law’s reversal has been a source of pain for his widow ever since.
“Surely it is unconstitutional to treat people differently because of where they choose to live,” Ms Dent said last year.
“That’s what they’re doing — they’re making the people of the territories second-class citizens.”
In March last year, both the ACT and NT wrote to senior Commonwealth ministers asking for the ban to be appealed, but in October, the request was denied by then attorney-general Michaelia Cash.
But the issue was revived ahead of the federal election, when now Independent Senator David Pocock made it one of the major issues of his campaign.
“Tragically, for some in our community, this is not a debate that can wait,” Senator Pocock said at the time.
Yesterday, in his maiden speech to the Senate, he said whether the ACT allowed for voluntary assisted dying should be a decision by the Legislative Assembly.
“It is time for us to restore the right of the territories to make decisions for themselves. To ensure that our Legislative Assembly here in the ACT gets to make decisions about the future of Canberrans, not MPs from around the country whose own constituents already enjoy these same rights,” Senator Pocock said.
‘Incredibly special moment’
Ms Payne said it was an “incredibly special moment” when the bill passed in the lower house.
“I’m very, very grateful to each of our parliamentary colleagues across political lines who support the rights of the territories to have the same democratic rights as other Australians,” she said.
“We’re only halfway there, the conversation needs to continue now in the Senate and those discussions with our colleagues are continuing.
“I put that plea now to our Senate colleagues to please do this for our constituents, to have their say.
“I am grateful to those colleagues who don’t personally support voluntary assisted dying but do support our equal democratic rights.”
Mr Gosling said he and Ms Payne were “very proud” to see the bill go through, with an overwhelming majority of 99 MPs voting in the affirmative.
“We’re grateful for that support,” he said.
“The bill will now go to the Senate and we’re hoping that it receives support there as well, and that’ll mean, for Territorians, that we will regain the ability to make laws on issues that affect us.”